Category Archives: Animals

NIH Spends Our Money to Torture Animals for No Good Reason

Originally published on Care2

Tens of millions of animals are prisoners in research labs where scientists conduct experiments on them. Some experiments are lethal; the subjects of others live to see another day — and another experiment. Much of this research is not only cruel, it is useless and even silly.

The federal National Institutes of Health likely spends well over a billion dollars on vivisection every year. It is supposed to fund research that will help extend healthy life and reduce the burdens of illness and disability (for humans). But a significant portion of its grant money goes towards research that doesn’t serve NIH’s mission at all.

Many people resign themselves to or even champion animal research as an indispensable tool for saving human lives, but alternatives exist, and there would be more of them if the federal administration did what Congress told it to do.

NIH has turned its back on a Congressional mandate that it reduce the number of animals labs use and fund the development of experimental methods that don’t involve animals. Instead it continues to fund the confinement, torture, and killing of animals for no good reason, uses taxpayer dollars to do it, and ignores its own mission.

You be the judge: here is In Defense of Animals’ list of last year’s most ludicrous experiments.

Top 10 Most Ridiculous Research on Animals for 2011

10. DRUG-INDUCED ARTHRITIS IN RATS MAKES EXERCISE HARDER

9. RATS WHO RUN AROUND MORE APPEAR TO BE MORE ANXIOUS

8. PRAIRIE VOLES STUDY SUGGESTS SINGLE MOMS RAISE LESS LOVING CHILDREN

7. DIETING HAMSTERS CHOOSE FOOD OVER SEX

6. RAT BITTER-TASTE NERVES APPEAR TO WORK

5. CONTAGIOUS YAWNING IN CHIMPANZEES IS EMPATHETIC

4. ALLIGATORS’ SOUNDS AND ANATOMY DIFFER FROM HUMANS’

3. LEMON-FRESH SCENT CAN INDUCE ERECTIONS IN MONKEYS

2. RATS FIND MILES DAVIS IS BETTER WITH COCAINE

1. LABS ARE STRESSFUL PLACES FOR MONKEYS

Wow — arthritis makes exercise harder. Who knew? Well, at last count, pretty much everyone. And how about that groundbreaking insight that alligators are different from humans!

This list made it even harder than usual to write that check to the IRS this year.

Photo credit: howzey

 

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Save the Planet: Eat Less Meat

Originally published on Care2.

What if you could make one immediate change in your life that would significantly decrease global warming and other damage to the environment? Great news: you can. Stop eating meat.

Perhaps the best thing you can do to save the environment is eat a plant-based diet, according to the United Nations, Sierra Club, Worldwatch Institute, Al Gore’s Live Earth, and many others. Even replacing just some of the meat you eat with grains, vegetables, legumes, fruit, and other plant-based foods can make a big difference.

Just changing the source of your meat won’t do much. As a recent New York Times op-ed by James E. McWilliams explained, there is no such thing as ecologically sustainable meat. Local, organic, free-range — all of it takes or will lead to a surprisingly large toll on the environment.

Meat production may be the most important reason for global warming, which results almost entirely from a combination of carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide. Raising animals for food is a major source of carbon dioxide and the single largest source of the other two gases: 37% of methane and 65% of nitrous oxide emissions, as Kathy Freston reports in The Huffington Post. The United Nations has concluded that eating a vegan diet “is vital to save the world from the worst impacts of climate change,” according to The Guardian.

The livestock industry is largely responsible for deforestation, which obliterates ecosystems that would otherwise absorb carbon dioxide. According to Freston, “Animal agriculture takes up an incredible 70% of all agricultural land, and 30% of the total land surface of the planet. As a result, farmed animals are probably the biggest cause of slashing and burning the world’s forests. Today, 70% of former Amazon rainforest is used for pastureland, and feed crops cover much of the remainder.” Clearing all this land for pasture and feed crops also shrinks or eliminates the habitats for countless species of wildlife.

Just cutting back on your meat consumption has an impact. Al Gore’s Live Earth organization reports that “If everyone went vegetarian just for one day, the U.S. would save: 100 billion gallons of water, enough to supply all the homes in New England for almost 4 months and 70 million gallons of gas, enough to fuel all the cars of Canada and Mexico combined with plenty to spare.” Joining the“Meatless Monday” movement, which encourages people to eat no meat for one day every week, could go a long way.

Driving a Prius doesn’t even approach the impact of eating less meat. According to the Environmental Defense Fund, “if every American skipped one meal of chicken per week and substituted vegetarian foods instead, the carbon dioxide savings would be the same as taking more than half a million cars off of U.S. roads.” A University of Chicago study confirms that in terms of fossil fuel consumption, there is “an order of magnitude” difference “between dietary and personal transportation choices.” What is on your plate matters much more than what is in your garage.

Climate change isn’t the only ill that the meat industry generates. Freston notes that “raising animals for food is a primary cause of land degradation, air pollution, water shortage, water pollution [including the ammonia that causes acid rain, and] loss of biodiversity.” The livestock industry alone is “one of the top two or three most significant contributors to the most serious environmental problems, at every scale from local to global,” according to the U.N.’s report.

We don’t need to eat all this meat. We’d actually be healthier without it, as meat consumption plays a role in causing our three biggest killers: heart disease, cancer, and stroke. To help protect the environment and your health, visit the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine for a free Vegetarian Starter Kit. The earth will thank you.

Photo Credit: penarc

 

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Horrific Conditions for Factory-Farmed Chickens Exposed

Originally published on Care2.

Kreider Farms is hell on earth for egg-laying chickens. The Humane Society of the United States released a mercifully short video summarizing its investigation of the conditions at Kreider.

According to HSUS, the investigation revealed:

  • Birds were severely overcrowded in cages more cramped than the national average; each hen received only 54–58 square inches of space on which to spend her life.
  • Injured and dead hens, including mummified bird carcasses, were found inside cages with living hens laying eggs for human consumption.
  • Hens were left without water for days when a water source malfunctioned, causing many to die.
  • Hens’ legs, wings, and heads were found trapped in cage wires and automated feeding machinery.
  • A thick layer of dead flies on the barn floors caused a crunching sound when walking on it.

Nicholas D. Kristof reports in The New York Times that Kreider produces “4.5 million eggs each day for supermarkets like ShopRite” — it is no fly-by-night operation, and its policies condemn millions of chickens to lives of unrelenting suffering.

Kristof reports that Kreider crams so many birds into small cages that they can hardly move for their entire lives. According to Kristof, HSUS’s investigator reported that the stench and filth in the barns are so repulsive that workers spend as little time in them as possible. Sadly the birds don’t have the option of walking out the door.

Kristof quotes Ron Kreider, president of Kreider Farms, as saying, “The reality of food processing can be off-putting to those not familiar with animal agriculture.” Not exactly reassuring words for those who care how animals raised for food are treated.

Since there is no government regulation guaranteeing that any label (like “organic” or “cage-free”) guarantees humane treatment for fowl, the best way to ensure that no birds were tortured in the production of your eggs is not to eat any.

Photo credit: Ethelred

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